The Chronicle of Marcellinus
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If a new emperor were to repudiate the miaphysites, he and Pulcheria would need the full support of the dyophysite faction and of the bishop of Rome. Furthermore, if Zeno and his Isaurian troops were still in revolt when Theodosius died, Pulcheria and the Alano-Goths would have been faced with the choice of either pursuing military action against them, or including Zeno in the negotiations.
Given that Zeno was still in service in , it seems that they chose negotiation. Zeno, as has been suggested above, may have been demanding a more aggressive policy towards Attila. Since his prestige derived largely from his success in the field in , it is likely that he required opportunities for action for himself and his troops in order to maintain his authority. The Alano-Goths may well have felt similarly, and may also have been still smarting 88 Leo had been campaigning for another council since shortly after Ephesus II, in his second letter to Pulcheria ep.
All of these generals, Aspar, Ardabur, Apollonius, Zeno, and doubtless others whose names do not survive would have had to be guaranteed honors and offices, and it might have proved almost impossible to please them all. Hence, it is not surprising that a candidate who had at least some allegiance to Aspar, Marcian, was selected. Since Valentinian III could not be made to confirm their choice quickly enough to beat out the miaphysites, any candidate would have to avail himself of the closest available connection to the dynasty.
Count Marcellinus and his Chronicle
The lack of a chance for a future heir was 89 Marcian had served under Aspar and under his father Ardabur Martindale Once Marcian had been crowned, he and Pulcheria quickly set to work to convene their new council at Chalcedon and to undo the effects of Ephesus II. A few words remain to be said, however, about the military factions. Certainly he was one of the highest-ranking generals in the empire, but he does not seem to have served as MVM praesentalis, the most prestigious office.
There is, however, no evidence that he exercised any unusual influence over Marcian during his reign; in contrast, his activities under Leo are well-recorded. It is likely that they were more than capable of preventing their generals from taking on a larger role than their offices required.
Bekker, I. Georgius Cedrenus Ioannis Scylitzae ope. Corpus scriptorum historiae Byzantinae 37, Bidez, J. Parmentier, eds. The Ecclesiastical History of Evagrius with the Scholia. Blockley, R. Burgess, Richard W. Theophanis chronographia. Chadwick, H. Chew, Kathryn. Croke, Brian, trans.
Dagron, Gilbert. Dindorf, L. Ioannis Zonarae epitome historiarum 1, 2, 3. Chronicon paschale.
Count Marcellinus and his Chronicle by Brian Croke | | Booktopia
Corpus scriptorum historiae Byzantinae 1. Flemming, Johannes, ed. Akten der ephesinischen Synode vom Jahre Guenther, Otto, ed. Collectio Avellana: epistulae imperatorum, pontificorum, aliorum AD — Corpus scriptorum ecclesiasticorum Latinorum Prague, Vienna, and Leipzig.
Hansen, G. Theodoros Anagnostes: Kirchengeschichte. Die griechischen christlichen Schriftsteller der ersten Jahrhunderte, neue Folge 3. Holum, Kenneth G. The Chronicle of John Malalas. Jones, A. Her mother died in childbirth in , giving birth to John, who died with their mother. Her older half-sister Pulcheria predeceased her parents according to Gregory of Nyssa, placing the death of Pulcheria prior to the death of Aelia Flaccilla, the first wife of Theodosius I, in The donor portrait of patrikia Anicia Juliana.
Folio 6 verso. She married Flavius Areobindus Dagalaiphus Areobindus, and their children included Olybrius, consul for With her husband, she spent her life at the pre-Justinian court of Constantinople, of which she was considered "both the most aristocratic and the wealthiest inhabitant".
From what little we know about her personal predilections, it appears that she "directly intervened in determining the content, as well, perhaps, as the style" of the works she co. Dengizich died in , was a Hunnic ruler and son of Attila. He succeeded his older brother Ellac in AD, and probably ruled simultaneously over the Huns in dual kingship with his brother Ernak, but separate divisions in separate lands. It was the last of the bloody pitched battles between the Eastern Roman Empire and the Huns, as the former attempted to stave off the Hunnic invasion.
The details about Attila's campaign which culminated in the battle of Utus, as well as the events afterwards, are obscure. Only a few short passages from Byzantine sources Jordanes' Romana, the chronicle of Marcellinus Comes, and the Paschal Chronicle are available.
As with the whole activity of Attila's Huns in the Balkans, the fragmentary evidence does not permit an undisputed reconstruction of the events. Attila's army invaded the Balkan provinces again in Battle A strong Roman force under Arnegisclus, magister ut. The historical work of Ammianus Marcellinus. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved February 13, Ammianus Marcellinus Res Gestae. Matthews, John F. The Roman Empire of Ammianus. London: Gerald Duckwor. Theocritus died was a candidate to the throne of the Byzantine Empire in He lost to Justin I.
6th-century Latin writers
Sources Theocritus is an obscure individual, primarily mentioned by two authors: John Malalas and Marcellinus Comes. The latter mentions him as the satelles Latin: "attendant" or "guard" of Amantius. Both Malalas and the Chronicon mention him by the title of comes, making it likely that his full title was "comes domesticorum".
Procopius does not mention him by name, but a passage of his sheds some light on the circumstances of his death. He is commonly classified as the last major historian of the ancient Western world. Life Apart from his own writings, the main source for Procopius's life is an entry in the Suda, a Greek encyclopaedia written sometime after , which discusses his early life.
He was a native of Caesarea in the province of Palaestina Prima. Anthemius Latin: Procopius Anthemius Augustus; c. Anthemius was killed by Ricimer, his own general of Gothic descent, who contested power with him. Early life Anthemius belonged to a noble family, the Procopii, which gave several high officers, both civil and military, to the Eastern Roman Empire. His mother Lucina, born c. On accepting his elevation, he campaigned against Goths and other barbarians who had invaded the Empire.
His resources were not sufficient to destroy them or drive them out, which had been Roman policy for centuries in dealing with invaders. By treaty, which followed his indecisive victory at the end of the Gothic War, they were established as foederati, autonomous allies of the Empire, south of the Danube, in Illyricum, within the Empire's borders.
The Chronicle of Marcellinus
They were given lands and allowed to remain under their own leaders, a grave departure from Roman hegemonic ways. This turn away from traditional policies was accommodationist and had grave consequences for the Western Empire from the beginning of the century, as the Romans found themselves wi. He served as comes domesticorum commander of the palace guard during the reign of Olybrius, until Olybrius died on 2 November After a four-month interregnum, Glycerius was proclaimed Western Emperor on 3 or 5 March by the magister militum master of soldiers and power behind the throne Gundobad.
Very few of the events of his reign are known other than that during his reign an attempted invasion of Italy by the Visigoths was repelled, diverting them to Gaul. Glycerius also prevented an invasion by the Ostrogoths through gifts. Glycerius was without allies, because Gundobad had left to rule the Burgundians, and therefore was forced to abdicate on 24 June He was appointed Bishop of Salona, which position he held until h. Glycerius Italian: Glicerio was Archbishop of Milan from to Life Almost nothing is known about the life and the episcopate of Glycerius.
He was a deacon of Milan before being elected as bishop of Milan in In that church fragments of the funeral epigraph of him have been discovered. His feast day is on September Accounts concerning the emperor's later life are mixed:. In its present state it begins with the mythical history of Egypt and ends with the expedition to Roman Africa under the tribune Marcianus, Justinian's nephew, in his editor Thurn believes it originally ended with Justinian's death ; it is focused largely on Antioch and in the later books Consta.
In the mids, at age 5, Eudocia was betrothed to Huneric, son of the Vandal king Gaiseric and then a hostage in Italy. This engagement served to strengthen the alliance between the Western court and the Vandal kingdom in Africa. Their marriage did not take place at this time, however, because Eudocia was not yet of age. Eudocia's father was assassinated in , and his successor, Petronius Maximus, compelled Eudocia's mother to marry him and Eudocia herself to marry his son, Palladius. In response, the Vandals reportedly at the request of Eudocia's mother invaded Italy and captured Eudocia, her mother, and her younger sister, Placidia.
After 7 years Eudocia's mother and s. Mallobaudes or Mellobaudes was a 4th-century Frankish king who also held the Roman title of comes domesticorum. In he was a tribunus armaturarum in the Roman army in Gaul, where he served under Silvanus, who usurped power in Mallobaudes tried unsuccessfully to intervene on his behalf. Appointed comes domesticorum by Gratian, he was second-in-command of the army in Gaul in when he defeated the Alemannic tribes under King Priarius at Battle of Argentovaria near modern Colmar according to Ammianus Marcellinus. During the usurpation of Maximus, Mallobaudes was killed shortly after the assassination of the emperor Gratian.
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. Heraclius was a eunuch and the primicerius sacri cubiculi of the Western Roman Emperor Valentinian III, on whom he had a great influence. The Mediterranean area c. The Eastern Roman Empire, capital Constantinople, is shown in pink. Conquests of Justinian I shown in green.
Jordanes , also written Jordanis or, uncommonly, Jornandes, was a 6th-century Eastern Roman bureaucrat of Gothic extraction who turned his hand to history later in life. Jordanes wrote Romana, about the history of Rome, but his best-known work is his Getica, which was written in Constantinople about AD Jordanes was asked by a friend to write Getica as a summary of a multi-volume history of the Goths by the statesman Cassiodorus that had existed then but has since been lost.
Jordanes was selected for his known interest in history, his ability to write succinctly and because of his own Gothic background. He had been a high-level notarius, or secretary, of a small client state on the Rom. Upon the death of emperor Julian the Apostate during his campaign against the Sassanid Empire, Jovian was hastily declared emperor by his soldiers. He sought peace with the Persians on humiliating terms and reestablished Christianity as the state church.
His reign lasted only eight months. He also joined the guards and by had risen to the same command that his father had once held.
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After the Battle of Samarra, a small but decisive engagement, the Roman army was forced to retreat from the numerically superior Persian force. Julian, mortally wounded during the retreat,. Julian I redirects here. There was also a Patriarch Julian I of Antioch who reigned in — He was raised by the Gothic slave Mardonius, who had a profound influence on him, providing Julian with an excellent education. Most notable was his crushing victory over the Alamanni at the Battle of Argentoratum Strasbourg in , leading his 13, men against a Germanic army three times larger.
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In He was granted the title of Comes of the Britains Comes Britanniarum for his work there putting down the Great Conspiracy. He afterwards fought against the Alemanni and in Mauretania. Mark as duplicate. Find it on Scholar. Request removal from index. Revision history. From the Publisher via CrossRef no proxy Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server Configure custom proxy use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy. Configure custom resolver. A Byzantine Chronicle in Latin B. Croke: Count Marcellinus and His Chronicle.
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